CROATIA - General Information useful to tourists
Customs: You should declare all technical goods taken into the country and upon departure present all received receipts in order to claim local VAT/PDV back. There are no known restrictions in how much money you are allowed to bring into the country. The following goods may be taken into Croatia without incurring customs duty: 200 cigarettes or 50 cigars or 250g of tobacco; 1l of wine and 1l of spirits; 250ml of eau de cologne and 1 bottle of perfume.
Health and Vaccination:
There are no needs for any preventive vaccination or health check ups.
Travel insurance is nevertheless highly recommended.
The health service is
of a good standard. You have to pay for seeing a doctor or being treated in
a hospital. Certain countries such as European countries have reciprocal
medical arrangements whereby, in principal, you should not have to pay for
any emergency treatment. It is therefore useful to wave you passport first
and mention this.
General and Geographical Data
extends from the foothills of the Julian Alps in the
north-west and the Pannonian Plain in the east, over the
Dinara mountain range in its central region, to the
Adriatic coast in the south.
Under the 1990
constitution, legislative power rests with the bicameral Sabor, both houses
of which are directly elected for four-year terms. The lower house, the
Chamber of Representatives (Zastupnicki Dom), has 127 seats, of which 80 are
elected by proportional representation, 28 in single-seat constituencies,
with the remainder variously earmarked for recognised ethnic minorities and
Croats who are resident abroad. The upper house, the Chamber of Districts (Zupanijski
Dom), has 68 members – 63 elected in three-seat constituencies, plus five
appointees. Executive power is held by the President, elected for five
years, who appoints a cabinet of ministers.
Before the dissolution of Yugoslavia, the Republic of Croatia, after Slovenia, was the most prosperous and industrialized area, with a per capita output perhaps one-third above the Yugoslav average. The economy emerged from its mild recession in 2000 with tourism the main factor, but massive structural unemployment remains a key negative element. The government's failure to press the economic reforms needed to spur growth is largely the result of coalition politics and public resistance, particularly from the trade unions, to measures that would cut jobs, wages, or social benefits. This however is seen as the major advantage for small to medium investors as particularly growth in tourism requires plethora of projects along the coast.
With substantial support and
investment from abroad, the Croatian economy recovered well after the break
up of Yugoslavia and several years of civil war. Industry is the most
important sector in the economy, producing textiles, chemicals, processed
foods, finished metal goods and construction materials. Agriculture, which
produces maize, wheat and sugar beet, is important for domestic purposes but
has never contributed significantly to the export economy. Mineral deposits
of exploitable size include oil, coal and natural gas. Croatia also has an
important tourist industry, based on the Dalmatian coast, which has
recovered after being all but wiped out by the civil war. Since seceding
from Yugoslavia, the overall performance of the economy has been moderate.
The government initially introduced a programme of privatisation and other
market reforms. Croatia joined the IMF in January 1993, and then the
European Bank for Reconstruction and Development and the World Trade
Organisation. In May 1994, the Government introduced a new currency, the
Kuna: low inflation has allowed the government to keep its value reasonably
stable. The country’s most important trading partners are Germany, Italy,
Austria, Slovenia and Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Kuna (HRK) - US dollar $ - 8.452 (January 2002), 8.340 (2001), 8.277 (2000), 7.112 (1999), 6.362 (1998),
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